Pharmaceutical Drugs – What Are They?

pharmaceutical drugs and its types

Pharmaceutical Drug is natural or is the chemical substances used for curing and preventing differing kinds of diseases. A good sort of pharmaceutical medicine is used for relieving acute pains and also used to facilitate in controlling mental or physical ailments. In Pharmaceutical drugs are usually called medicines or medications. Pharmaceutical drugs are widely used for treating a large number of diseases like cold, cough, headache, viral fever, typhoid, nausea, diabetes, cancer, HIV, tumors, T.B, depression, heart failure and high blood pressure, etc. A majority of these medications is purchased as a generic drug.

Laws in several countries typically classify the pharmaceutical drugs into two varieties, namely, OTC (over-the-counter drugs) and POM (prescription only medicines). OTC drugs are obtainable from the market without special restrictions or orders, while POM drugs are purchased by showing certified medical practitioner’s prescriptions.

When a replacement drug is made, its patent protected, that permits only the corporate that developed the drug to sell it. Once the license expires, the medication acquires a generic drug status and may be produced and sold without the patent protection. Further, the protection on formulation might continue whereas the patent on the active ingredient may not hold. You can learn too about History of Drugs.

Some of the types of Pharmaceutical Drugs

Anti-Allergic Drugs

These are the prescribed pharmaceutical drugs or medicines used to treat allergies, and various allergic reactions that occur due to some external substances such as dust mites, pollens, molds, dander, and some foods that come in contact with our bodies. Most of the anti-allergic medicines exist as generic prescribed drugs. They help relieve and cure allergy symptoms by controlling and limiting the reactions of our bodies to the substances that cause allergies. These drugs are manufactured by the pharmaceutical companies in different forms including syrups, drops tablets and capsules.

Anti-Infective Drugs

Anti-infective pharmaceutical drugs comprise a bunch of several medicines that stop or combat the expansion of harmful microorganisms inside the body without harming or damaging it. These medicines are normally obtainable as generic medication that interferes with the development mechanisms of the virus, bacteria, protozoa, fungi, etc., and stop them from further development. Pharmaceutical drug companies create anti-infective generic drugs of different varieties including antifungals, antibacterials, antivirals, anti malarial, leprosy prescribed medicines and anti microbials. Some conventional anti-infective medication is itraconazole, artesunate, amphotericin B, terbinafine, fluconazole, mefloquine and more.

Anti-Diabetic Drugs

The anti-diabetic drugs are also known as hypoglycemic agents. They are used to treat and cure diabetes. The primary function of this kind of medications is to lower the glucose levels in the blood. There is a broad range of the anti-diabetic generic drugs which lower the glucose levels in the blood.Insulin, metformin, pramlintide, exenatide, glimepiride, and glipizide are produced by pharmaceutical Companies at large scale.

Anti-Histamine Drugs

They are also known as histamine antagonists. These are pharmaceutical drugs used for the prevention and treatment of allergies, hay fever, itching and symptoms of insect stings or bites. Antihistamines are manufactured by pharmaceutical Companies at large scale and they are classified as H1, H2, H3, H4 receptor antagonist and also the mast cell stabilizers. These are mostly available as generic drugs and do not need any serious permissions. Some of the drugs of this class of medication include cetirizine, cimetidine, famotidine, diphenhydramine, loratadine, famotidine, clobenpropit and ciproxifan.

Antivial Drugs

Pharmaceutical companies manufacture these drugs significantly for treating, curing and controlling the viral infections. These medications are also known as antiviral prescribed drugs. These pharmaceutical medications vitalize the system of the human body and block the methods through which viruses reproduces, rather than killing them outright. Generic drug of Antiviral agents is readily obtainable from the market. It comes numerous forms like tablets, pills, capsules, creams, ointments, liquids and injections. Some ordinarily used antiviral medicine are flumadine, valacyclovir, acyclovir, ganciclovir and amantadine.

Cardiovascular Drugs

These drugs include an entire ensemble of generic medication, given to patients those who are affected by heart and related disorders. Some frequently used types of cardiovascular prescription medicines that pharmaceutical companies produce are antithrombotic agents, antiarrhythmic agents, vasoconstrictor etc. Some famed cardiovascular drugs are celiprolol, nifedipine, amlodipine, diltiazem, benidipine, atenolol, digoxin, and amiodarone. These medicines are available in the market, and they do not need any special permissions.

Here you can learn more about how these pharmaceutical drugs are made.

Here you can learn about some other non-pharmaceutical drugs.

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