Opiates are central nervous system depressant. A huge range of drugs falls into the category of opiates. They are also called narcotics. They are natural alkaloids which are found in opium poppy. Here we are going to discuss the abuse of opiates, effects, and symptoms.
Table of Contents
- 1 Opiate Abuse and Its Symptoms:
- 2 Effects of Opiates:
- 2.1 Short-term Effects:
- 2.2 Long-term Effects:
- 2.3 The Effects of Opiates on the Brain:
- 2.4 The Effects of Opiates on the Respiratory System:
- 2.5 The Effects of Opiates on the Nervous System:
- 2.6 The Effects of Opiates on the Liver:
- 2.7 The Effects of Opiates on the Digestive System:
- 2.8 The Effects of Opiates on the Immune System:
- 2.9 The Effects of Opiates on the Fetus:
- 2.10 The Effects of Taking Opiates through Injection:
Opiate Abuse and Its Symptoms:
Opiates are advised by the doctors to overcome pain, but sometimes the user becomes addictive and is unable to discontinue its use. This disability refers to the signs and symptoms of having an opiate abuse. They generate ‘high’ in the system of the user. The more powerful high means the opiate is more rapidly acting.
Effects of Opiates:
Opiates have short-term and long-term effects.
- Relief from pain
- Delayed response.
- Paranoia (a state unjustified suspicion.).
- Respiratory depression.
- Gastric problems.
- Developing tolerance for the opiate.
- Damaging liver and brain.
The Effects of Opiates on the Brain:
Opiates can create sleeping disorders. One may feel sleepy during day time and to overcome this problem additional medication is required. A continuous use for a long period can cause major depression. Those who use for more than six more months are more likely to develop depression episodes.
The Effects of Opiates on the Respiratory System:
Opiates can become the reason for respiratory depression. This hinders the oxygen supply to the brain and body which can be devastating and deadly.
The Effects of Opiates on the Nervous System:
A chronic use of opiates can develop increased sensitivity to pain which is called hyperalgesia. An opiate user can also have a psychomotor deficiency. Psychomotor skills refer to movement, coordination, speed or actions signifying fine motor skills.
The Effects of Opiates on the Liver:
The reason why opiates affect the liver is the presence of acetaminophen in them. Some of the painkillers that include acetaminophen are Vicodin, Norco, and Lortab. Uncontrolled use of these painkillers can damage the liver because of acetaminophen toxicity.
The Effects of Opiates on the Digestive System:
Opiates slow down the digestive transit and cause constipation. Chronic constipation can further lead to small bowel obstruction, peritonitis, and perforation. Opiate users also face recurrent nausea and vomiting. To control the condition, antiemetic medicines are given to the patient.
The Effects of Opiates on the Immune System:
Opiates affect the performance of the immune system and lead to infections.
The Effects of Opiates on the Fetus:
If a mother takes opiates during pregnancy, the baby will be born addictive. He can also have the withdrawal symptoms including petulance, screaming high, diarrhea, quivers and the inability to gain weight.
The Effects of Taking Opiates through Injection:
If opiates are injected, they can lead to the conditions which are as follows:
- Needles are used for injecting purpose. If many people use the same needle, it can cause Hepatitis C (a condition triggered by a virus that infects the liver) and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). HIV reasons AIDS.
- Injecting frequently can ruin the veins.
- Blood vessels that are found in the entire body are blocked which ultimately cause damage to the organs.
- Injections of heroin can cause infection in the heart’s lining which is known as endocarditis.
- Injecting of opiates can lead to inflammation or formation of the blister on the spot where the drug is injected.
Further, you can too study Facts About Cocaine.