What Are Amphetamines?

what are Amphetamines

The stimulant medications of both the types; methylphenidate (e.g., Ritalin and Concerta) and amphetamines (e.g., Adderall) are made to treat the attention-deficit upset disorder (ADHD) in youngsters, adolescents, or adults that are suffering with it.

People with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) eagerly have a lot of problem in being attentive, or they are more hyperactive or instinctive than others of the same age. This abnormal and strange behavior typically becomes noticeable when a child is in preschool or the primary grades of elementary school. The occurrence of symptoms of ADHD at this level means that the typical age of onset of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms is seven years. The symptoms of ADHD change in several people through adolescence or as they grow older. However, the disorder can persist into adulthood.

Prescription stimulants have a sedative, soothing and “focusing” effect on those who are suffering from the ADHD. These medications are prescribed to patients on daily basis usage. These stimulants exist in the form of tablets as well as capsules of various potencies. Treatment of the ADHD with stimulants and often in combination with psychotherapy leads to the improvement ADHD symptoms including the patient’s thinking ability, self-esteem, and interactions with the friends, family, and members of society.

Feeling Smarter After Consuming Amphetamines

The main reason why most of the teenagers use this these stimulants is the “performance boost.” These students abuse stimulants to enhance their focus and improve their study performance to get higher grades in their schools or colleges as these stimulants are famous for their performance enhancement effects.

The prescription stimulants promote focusing and wakefulness as well, but according to several types of research, the studies have shown that these stimulants don’t improve learning or the thinking activity in those who are not suffering from ADHD.

Prescription stimulants are often abused and taken in higher quantities. They are also consumed in a non-prescribed manner when used by those who are not prescribed by doctors. These stimulants are mostly practiced for the weight loss purpose or the performance enhancement because they conceal appetite, increase the wake time and focus as well. As these drugs are likely to produce euphoria, so they are also frequently taken for recreational purposes as feeling “high.” The euphoria from stimulants is created when the pills are crushed and then inhaled or injected by mixing with water.

The Effects of Amphetamines on Brain

effects of amphetamine on brain

All kinds of stimulants have the same working. They perform their effect by increasing the dopamine levels in the brain that is associated with attention, movement, and pleasure. The rising effect of these drugs is achieved by slow and continuous increases of dopamine level, as it is naturally produced in the brain in a similar way.

When taken in high doses and via methods aside from those prescribed, prescription stimulants will increase brain dopamine in a very fast and extremely amplified manner (similar to different medication of abuse like methamphetamine). Thereby disrupting traditional communication between brain cells and manufacturing high spirits and, as a result, increase the chance of addiction.

Stimulants may lead to the inclination of blood pressure level, heartbeat rate, and body temperature and the declination of sleep and appetite. When they are used excessively, they lead to starvation and its consequences (e.g., malnutrition, etc.). Reformed consumption of stimulants results in feelings of hatred and insanity. At high doses, they can lead to serious cardiovascular complications, including stroke.

Addiction and Severities

Taking the stimulants without prescription is the dominant key to drugs dependence. The addiction occurs as the stimulants when taken in high doses (ignoring the doctor’s prescribed dose levels), cause a quick rise in dopamine in the brain. Furthermore, if amphetamines are repeatedly abused in high doses, the withdrawal symptoms including depression, fatigue, and disturbed sleep patterns can result when a person suddenly stops taking them. More complications often arise when pills are crushed and injected as the insoluble fillers in the tablets tend to block small blood vessels.

Stimulants will increase pressure level, heart rate, and blood heat and reduce sleep and appetence. After they are consumed, they’ll result in malnutrition and its consequences. Continual abuse of stimulants will lead to feelings of hostility and psychosis. At high doses, they’ll cause severe vessel complications, including stroke.

Addiction to stimulants is additionally a very real thought for anyone taking them without medical direction. Addiction possibly happens as a result of stimulants, when taken in doses and routes apart from those prescribed by a doctor, will induce a fast rise in dopamine within the brain. Moreover, if stimulants are abused infuriated, the withdrawal symptoms such as depression, fatigue, and disturbed sleep patterns, can result when an individual stops taking them. Further complications from abusing stimulants can arise when pills are crushed and injected: Insoluble fillers in the tablets will block small blood vessels.